Evolution

:: 1980 ::
  • Microsoft’s first hardware, the Z80 SoftCard is announced.
  • Apple releases one of it’s greatest failures, the Apple III.
  • The Motorola 68000 chip is released.
  • The first optical storage disk appears. Capable of holding five times the data of a 5 1/4″ floppy
  • IBM creates OS/2.
  • The Commodore VIC-20 is released.
  • SuperCalc is invented.
  • CompuServe releases CB Simulator, the first online chat service.
  • The legendary video game Pac-Man is released.
  • Asteroids and Lunar Lander became the first video games registered for copyright.
  • The BITNET university computer network is founded, linking colleges and other institutions.
:: 1981 ::
  • Texas Instruments releases the TI-99/4A computer.
  • MS-DOS debuts, created by then-startup Microsoft.
  • IBM releases the IBM PC, which was powered by the Intel 8088 processor.
  • The Osborne-1, the first portable computer, is introduced.
  • Apollo Computers introduces the first workstation, the DN100. It featured more power than conventional PCs.
  • WordPerfect is first developed.
  • Creative Labs is founded in Singapore.
  • The Xerox Star is introduced by the Xerox Corporation.
  • The video game Donkey Kong is released, propelling Nintendo’s success.
  • Online newspapers begin to appear.
  • The Monochrome Display Adapter is introduced by IBM.
:: 1982 ::
  • Non-Linear Systems releases the Kaypro II.
  • Time names the computer the Machine of the Year in a twist of their popular “Man of the Year”.
  • Disney debuts Tron to audiences.
  • The Cray XMP is built using two Cray systems.
  • The Elk Cloner (aka Apple II virus) is written. It is believed to be the first known virus in the wild.
  • The Commodore 64 is released.
  • DEC releases the Rainbow 100.
  • The BBC Micro is introduced by Acorn Computer. It’s quickly adopted by most British schools.
  • Sun Microsystems is founded.
:: 1983 ::
  • The hacker film Wargames is released.
  • Compaq produces the first clone of the IBM PC, running the same software.
  • Microsoft announces Word and Windows, although Windows doesn’t actually appear for another two years. The original version of Word was included in the Nov. issue of PC World magazine.
  • The MIDI [ Musical Instrument Digital Interface ] is introduced. It became an industry standard interface for music synthesizers.
  • The Apple Lisa is introduced.
  • Lotus Software releases Lotus 123 and it becomes the hottest spreadsheet of it’s day.
  • The first version of Novell Netware is released. Bundled with it is Snipes, one of the first network games.
  • Gavilan Computer releases the Gavilan SC, one of the earliest computers marketed as a laptop.
  • Borland Software Corporation is formed. The company created widely popular software development tools such as Turbo Pascal and many others.
  • The IBM XT is released. It’s essentially the IBM PC with a hard drive and sells for $5000 with accessories.
  • The Domain Name System (DNS) is introduced to the internet, made up of around 1000 computers at the time.
  • MILNET is spun off from the ARPANET to separate civilian and military networks.
  • The Epson HX-20, regarded as the first notebook, begins selling.
  • Shortly after the HX-20, Tandy releases the first TRS-80 notebook, the Model 100.
:: 1984 ::
  • HP intros it’s first laptop, the 9 pound HP 110.
  • Sony introduces the 3 1/2 inch floppy disk.
  • The Apple Macintosh is released, featuring a graphical user interface.
  • IBM introduces the PC-AT, based on the Intel 80286 chip. It sold for about $4000 and included more RAM and 5 1/4 inch floppy drive.
  • The novel Neuromancer is published, which coins the term “cyberspace”.
  • Cisco Systems is founded.
  • X Windows is developed at MIT.
  • Dell Computer is created as PCs Limited.
  • Borland releases Turbo Pascal.
  • The first consumer cell phone, the Motorola DynaTAC 8000X, becomes available.
  • Music Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) is introduced.
  • The first multitouch screen is developed at Bell Labs
:: 1985 ::
:: 1986 ::
  • Acorn Computer introduces the ARM2 processor.
  • The invention of the Connection Machine was a step forward in A.I. It used multiple processors to work faster than any other of it’s time.
  • Compaq releases the Deskpro 386, the first machine based on the Intel 80386 chip.
  • IBM releases the PC Convertible.
  • Apple releases the Macintosh Plus.
  • The Nintendo NES is released.
  • The Computer Fraud & Abuse Act (CFAA) is enacted by U.S. Congress.
:: 1987 ::
:: 1988::
  • Pixar Studios‘ “Tin Toy” becomes the first computer animated film to win an Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film. The company created groundbreaking software, Renderman, for the creation of 3-D scenes.
  • The first public worm is released on the internet by 23 year old Robert Morris.
  • The Brain virus surfaces.
  • The NeXT is released.
  • The online service Prodigy is launched.
:: 1989 ::

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